The number of smart devices is increasing day by day, and to leverage the full potential of these devices, people need a network connection. So, deploying connectivity for this incredible number of users is a near-impossible task. But the solution is already in the making. As of this writing, most handheld gadgets are connected through 4G LTE networks, but pretty soon 5G enabled Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) wireless communications could become the standards. This fastest growing combination of cellular technology offers power-efficient and cost-effective connectivity with only a fraction of band frequency used by LTE networks.
A closer look
Narrow bandIoT or better known as NB-IoT is a cellular technology that addresses the requirements posed by Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN). It is introduced in release 13 to power a new generation of devices ranging from utility sensors and smart gadgets to IIoT industrial solutions. This technology can efficiently maintain steady coverage even in remote locations not covered by conventional networks. It can also greatly minimize the power consumption of wearables and gadgets for longer battery life.
Range of applications
Smart parking lots are becoming popular all over the world. People can get updates about available space for their vehicles at any time. IoT is redefining this technology by introducing a centralized system that sends real-time updates about empty lots to people. Once all the spaces are filled, this information will also be updated to the central system. This process is enabled by sensors that update the database without any delay.
The era of technicians checking readings from a physical meter and issuing monthly utility bills are gone. This is replaced by smart meters that automatically monitors various energy consumption and provide bills on a regular basis without any human intervention.
Such advancement can eliminate the chances of human errors or mistakes which are common during physical readings.
Other applications of this IoT technology include smart trash management, customized re-fill of vending machines, and other plethoras of uses like soil or livestock management. Through, industries can significantly reduce the amount of human intervention required for higher efficiency, productivity, or even avoiding any kind of harmful working environments.
Main features of NB-IoT
One of the most significant advantages of using narrowband IoT technology is power consumption. Devices using this connectivity need to transmit lesser frequency of data bytes which requires only minimal power. Through this, gadgets or sensors can last for several years without any battery replacement.
The next generation of NB-IoT devices is aiming to create ultra-low-cost modules for a wide range of end-user applications. This makes them suitable for deploying in remote areas which makes routine maintenance tedious. So, with reduced manufacturing costs, companies can create a greater number of device modules.
For many critical applications, low latency is imperative. NB-IoT gadgets can offer low latency, along with in-house penetration for better coverage. This can detect any tiny changes in the predefined values to make information transmission as fast as possible. With this feature, narrowband IoT can promise a brighter future for the next generation of smart devices and sensors.